Aglianico del Vulture is an archaic red grape variety coming from Greece. It owes its name to the term Elleanico (in Italian it means Greek), that during the Government of Aragon changed in pronunciation. Its birthplace is definitely the Vulture area in Basilicata, in the province of Potenza. Mount Vulture (1326 m.s.l.) is an ancient extinct volcano and on its slopes Aglianico has found a perfect climate and soil condition. This grape variety of small bunches, with grapes of an intense blue-black color, prefers high volcanic soils and medium hill. It is sensitive to the great heat and autumn frosts.
The spread of the Aglianico grape endowed him with a strong variability which led to the registration in the National Register of Grapes of two different grape varieties: Aglianico - grown primarily in Taurasi in Campania, and Aglianico del Vulture - spread in Basilicata.
More recently, detailed molecular studies, ampelographic and biochemical, conducted by the Istituto Agrario di San Michele all'Adige, have established that the Aglianico and Aglianico del Vulture may be the same biotypes varieties having the same genetic identity, and that the differences would then be attributable mostly to strong genotypic and phenotypic variability, which occurred as a result of the ancient seed reproduction.
Aglianico del Vulture has black, medium-small, ellipsoidal berries with waxy, thin, durable, black skin. The cluster is medium-small, cylindrical, often winged, and compact.
The wine made of the Aglianico del Vulture grapes is of deep ruby color with fruity aroma, very intense, evolving with age in scents of spices, flowers and withered toasting. It is a wine of great concentration, alcohol content, structure and minerality.