Turbiana, previously known as Trebbiano di Lugana, is the grape from which the Lugana wine is made, in the lake of Garda area.
The grape, until recently called Trebbiano di Lugana and thought to be part of the wider Trebbiano family, was recently found through a DNA profiling, that is actually Verdicchio and doesn’t share anything with the Trebbiano grape. Verdicchio that, in the unique soil and climate of the lake Garda area, has become a grape of its own.
However, the reason behind the name change from Trebbiano di Lugana to Turbiana was mainly due to commercial reasons, to move away from the poor reputation that the Trebbiano grape has whilst, at the same time, linking the grape to the territory; in ancient documents the grape is referred to as “trebulano”.
Turbiana grapes produce fresh white wines with delicate notes. Until recently Lugana wines were still, but due to the variety's high acidity and the the demand for sparkling wines, more and more wineries have made Lugana sparkling wines, charmat and classic method. The Turbiana has, more recently, been proved to stand ageing.