Sauvignon or Sauvignon Blanc, together with the Chardonnay, is possibly the most famous and widely planted white grape variety in the world and produce some of the most celebrated white wines.
Sauvignon, which name derives from "sauvage" (wild in french), is a white wine grape variety of French origin, precisely the Bordeaux area and in particular, the Sauterne region, where together with the Semillon and the Muscadel produces the famous white wine.
Sauvignon is also related to Cabernet Sauvignon, being Cabernet Sauvignon a natural crossing of Sauvignon and Cabernet Franc, and both have become two of the most widely planted grape varieties in the world.
Sauvignon is a relatively robust, vigorous vine that adapts to all kinds of soil and ripens early, hence its popularity. Other then France, Sauvignon has found an ideal home in New Zealand, in the Marlborough region, and in Italy, in the cool, sunny alpine slopes of Trentino Alto Adige and Friuli Venezia Giulia mainly, but there are individual winemakers growing the grape all over the north of Italy, usually producing great wines. Italian Sauvignon tends to be unaged and a few producers ferment the wine on its lees.
Sauvignon has at least two varieties, the Sauvignon small and yellow and the Sauvignon big and green, it is a semi aromatic variety that can be immediately recognised thanks to its characteristic nose of gooseberry and its zestiness.