The Fiano grape is among the best Italian white grape varieties and produce some of the best Italian white wines.
It is mainly cultivated in the province of Avellino, where it is used for the Fiano di Avellino DOCG, but has also spread in Puglia and, recently, in Sicily. The name Fiano seems to derive from the name of a population of Ligurian Apuan Alps overwhelmed by the Romans, migrated in the second century BC in Campania. In this exodus it seems they have brought the Apuan variety, which later became Apiano, then Afiano and finally Fiano.
The Fiano grape is, since the 19th century, documented not only in Irpinia but also in the province of Caserta, in Puglia and Basilicata, previously it was certainly cultivated in the all Campania region. For
The Fiano grape is capable of giving life to wines of great complexity, aromatic finesse and aging potential, such as Fiano di Avellino DOCG.
The berry is white, medium, ellipsoidal with resistant, golden yellow skin with little bloom. The bunch is small to medium, dense, pyramidal with a wing rather developed and with an orbicular, medium-size, three-lobed or five-lobed leaf.
The grape Fiano prefers volcanic soils, hence Campania, but also grows on clay and heavy soils. It has good vigor but limited yield.