The vine Fiano is among the best Italian white grape varieties. It is cultivated mainly in the province of Avellino, but has also spread in Puglia and, recently, in Sicily. The name Fiano seems to derive from the name of a population of Ligurian Apuan Alps overwhelmed by the Romans, migrated in the second century BC in Campania. In this exodus it seems they have brought the Apuan variety, which later became Apiano, then Afiano and finally Fiano.
The vine Fiano is since the 19th century documented not only in Irpinia but also in the province of Caserta, in Puglia and Basilicata. Previously it was certainly widespread in the rest of the Campania. For the presence of Fiano in Puglia we must go back to Charles II of Anjou that, around the end of 1200, imported from Cava dei Tirreni 16000 plants of Fiano towards Manfredonia. But probably its presence in the land of Puglia dates from earlier eras.
The Fiano grape is capable of giving life to wines of great complexity, aromatic finesse and aging potential, such as Fiano di Avellino DOCG.
The berry is white, medium, ellipsoidal with resistant, golden yellow skin with little bloom. The bunch is small to medium, dense, pyramidal with a wing rather developed and with an orbicular, medium-size, three-lobed or five-lobed leaf.
The vine Fiano prefers volcanic soils but also grows on clay and heavy soils. It has good vigor but its productivity is limited.