The Falanghina grape variety probably comes from the ancient greek-Balkan strains. Its name appears to derive from “falanga”, the stake for supporting the grapes in the vineyards to which the grape was attached. The Falanghina grape was nearly abandoned, but being one of the vines not attacked by phylloxera, it was revalued. Its cultivation covers an area equal to 5% of the total planted area of the Campania region.
The areas with higher vocation are the Sannio Beneventano and the Campi Flegrei and the area Casertano. It is the basic grape of many fine wines of the Campania region: the types of single-varietal DOC Guardiolo, Sant'Agata dei Goti, Sannio, Solopaca and Taburno, and white type of DOC Falanghina is also used for the production of sparkling wines with designations of origin (Solopaca, Guardiolo, Sannio and Taburno).
The berry is white, medium, spheroid, regular with thick, firm, gray-yellowish skin, with good presence of bloom. The bunch is long or medium, medium-sized and compact, cylindrical and tapered, with a short wing and with a medium or small, wedge-shaped, rarely orbicular leaf.
The vigor is good and the average productivity is constant; matures in the second half of September.
The wine produced from grapes Falanghina has a pale straw color, with greenish hues, a pleasant scent, fruity, dry, fresh, velvety, slightly tart taste but always delicate and special: while varying the nature of the terrain and the climate, its wines always retain the best organoleptic qualities.