Falanghina is a grape variety thought to derive from the ancient Greek-Balkan strains. It takes its name from the Italian “falanga”; which referred to the stake that supported its vines. The grape was almost abandoned, but after its vines survived the disease phylloxera, it gained prominence and was revalued. Cultivation of this grape occurs now across an area equal to 5% of the vineyards of Campania, in particular the Sannio Beneventano, the Campi Flegrei and the Casertano area.
The Falanghina variety is one of the main grapes in many of the fine wines produced in the Campania region. This includes the single-variety DOC Guardiolo, Sant’Agata dei Goti, Sannio, Solopaca and Taburno, as well as the white DOC. The Falanghina grape is also widely used in the production of sparkling wines.
Falanghina berries are white in colour and medium-sized, with a regular, spheroid shape and a thick, firm skin of greyish-yellow. Leaves are small to medium-sized, and wedge-shaped. With a high yield and a consistent productivity, the Falanghina variety usually matures in the latter weeks of September.
The grape produces a straw-coloured, pale white wine, with hues of green. The nose is fruity, fresh and velvety, and delicate on the palate. The grape manage to retain it main characteristics, even when grown and cultivated in different climates and terrain types.