Brunello di Montalcino is possibly one of, if not the, most famous Italian wine, and takes its name from Montalcino, a small Tuscan village located on a hill right in the heart of Tuscany, where the grapes from which is made, are grown.
The Brunello di Montalcino is one of the best expressions of the Sangiovese grapes, here it is called sangiovese grosso, found everywhere in Tuscany and beyond, however, the microclimate of the Montalcino area allows Sangiovese to ripen more fully and consistently than anywhere else in Tuscany, producing a red wine known for its ability to stand ageing for decades.
The Brunello di Montalcino was one of the first Italian wines being granted the DOCG status in 1980, the higher status in the Italian wine classification, and is made exclusively using 100% Sangiovese grapes grown in the area, no other grape is allowed. An attempt to modify the “disclipinare”, regulation, has been made to allow other grapes to soften the wine, make it more “international”, but it was rejected by the Consortium.
The Brunello di Montalcino cannot be released for sale before the fifth year from the harvest, vintage, and it is aged for at least 2 years in barrel and 4 months in the bottle and 2 years and 6 months in the case of Brunello di Montalcino Riserva, only made in exceptional vintages.