Italian wine and grape guide : Semidano


The vine Semidano, white grape, has uncertain origin: perhaps it arrived in Sardinia in ancient times, with debarkations of Phoenician or Roman traders in Karalis and Nora. As Nuragus, the Semidano variety also spread in the current Campidano di Cagliari, where it has been known since 1780 and in the past was used to soften wines made with Nuragus grape. The great nineteenth century phylloxera epidemic advent considerably reduced the area planted with Semidano as it was among the most sensitive and most affected varieties by the insect. After the advent, Semidano has experienced an era of almost total abandonment since the priority to grow was given to other grape varieties, far more productive, primarily including the Nuragus. Currently Semidano is grown in a narrow area of the Campidano di Oristano. In 1996, with the establishment of the DOC Sardegna Semidano, the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry and the respective sub Mogoro, particularly suited for this variety, recognized the uniqueness and importance of the wine. The berry is white, medium, spheroid with thick or very thick, substantial, very waxy, almost amber yellowish skin. The bunch is medium, cylindrical-conical, tight or semi-tight with a medium, orbicular, five-lobed leaf. The Semidano variety has medium vigor, medium ripening time and average productivity but not very steady. The Semidano grape gives a pale yellow wine, of delicate and very fragrant scent, with floral and fruity notes and hints of peach and apricot. The taste is fresh for acidity and warm enough for alcohol content.

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